The following memorandum issued in April 1945 by A British deputy military secretary outline the types of awards that are available to foreign civilians.
Thanks to Brain Sims for access to this document, which is from the British National Archives.
Allied Force Headquarters
April 11, 1945
Subject: Honours and Awards
Awards to Foreign Civilians
1. There are now 4 classes of Awards open to foreign civilians, as follows:-
(a) George Medal for outstanding and exceptional gallantry.
(b) OBE [Officer of the Order of the British Empire], MBE [Member of the Order of the British Empire], and BEM [British Empire Medal] for great gallantry or service.
(c) King’s Medal for gallantry or service.
(d) Certificate No. 17 (otherwise known as commendation).
Citations are required for all of the above.
2. The King’s Medal is a recent institution and is divided into 2 categories:-
(a) For courage in the cause of freedom, and
(b) For service to the cause of freedom.
These medals will not be struck until the end of the War, but ribbons will be made available at a later date.
3. Italians are not yet eligible for any of the Awards mentioned in paras. [paragraphs] above, but suitable recommendations may be forwarded and will be sent to the War Office to be held pending further decisions.
G. H. Hunt,
A/Deputy Military Secretary.